New H2020 project : PRESTIGE AF
PREvention of STroke in Intracerebral hemorrhaGE survivors with Atrial Fibrillation
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a severe stroke subtype causing higher mortality and more disability than other strokes. 20% of ICH survivors have atrial fibrillation (AF), a major cause of ischemic stroke (IS). While IS in AF patients is generally prevented by oral anticoagulants (OAC), their use in ICH survivors is uncertain due to increased bleeding risk. No evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCT) is available addressing this dilemma. Personalized risk prediction is desirable to balance benefits of OAC against bleeding risk for individualized prevention.
Objectives: (1) To perform the first sufficiently powered RCT in ICH survivors with AF testing if direct OAC are superior for IS prevention and non-inferior regarding ICH recurrence versus antiplatelet or no antithrombotic therapy (2) To personalize antithrombotic prevention by multidimensional risk modeling (3) To estimate population impact of trial outputs on health economic consequences and generalizability to European population (4) To explore patient-centered aspects including
adherence, attitudes towards antithrombotic therapy and gender imbalances in trial enrollment.
PRESTIGE-AF addresses the unmet need of best antithrombotic stroke prevention in ICH patients with AF. Recurrent stroke reduces individual life expectancy, quality of life and has high public health impact. Work packages integrating biological data will generate new tools to tailor prevention. Modeling of economic and societal consequences and replication in real-life settings will estimate population impact.